Engineering is a fantastic field to work in, but it’s very broad. If you’re thinking of becoming an engineer, it’s important to thoroughly research all specialties to find your best fit. Since you want to have plenty of employment opportunities at your fingertips, you’ll also need to find out which areas have the best job outlook.
Doing your research now can keep you from taking a path that will prove more challenging to find work than other engineering fields. Here are a few ideas to get you started.
4 Hot Engineering Careers Right Now
Civil engineers design, build and maintain infrastructure, such as roads, building, dams, and bridges. They typically specialize in construction, geotechnical, structural, or transportation engineering, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. A bachelor’s degree is the minimum education required for entry, but civil engineers in senior-level positions typically hold a graduate degree or a license.
One of the fastest-growing engineering disciplines, the demand for civil engineers is expected to rise 11% from 2016 to 2026, compared with 8% for the engineering discipline as a whole and 7% for all occupations, according to the BLS.
A notably interesting field, aerospace engineers design aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, and missiles. They also create and test prototypes to ensure projects are safe and meet all quality standards. Professionals in this realm typically specialize in aeronautical or astronautical engineering, according to the BLS.
A bachelor’s degree is required to become an aerospace engineer. Professionals working on national defense projects might need to obtain a security clearance to be eligible, which the BLS notes may require U.S. citizenship.
A healthcare-related career, biomedical engineers create equipment, devices, and computer software for medical purposes. The BLS lists several specialties associated with this line of work, including bioinstrumentation, biomaterials, biomechanics, clinical engineering, rehabilitation engineering, and systems philosophy.
The minimum education needed for work in this field is typically a bachelor’s degree, but more advanced roles may require a graduate degree.
An eco-friendly career path, environmental engineers solve problems related to Mother Nature, such as recycling, public health, and pollution. On a broader scale, they also work to address problems like unsafe drinking water, climate change, and environmental sustainability, according to the BLS.
A bachelor’s degree is required to become an environmental engineer.
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